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Kidney Transplant

Kidneys are extremely vital organs, and most individuals can operate quite well with only 15% renal function. In the case of severe kidney failure, our kidneys don't eliminate hazardous waste products into the urine. As a result, ratio of waste materials in the bloodstream keeps on rising. Kidney failure is classified into two categories. Acute renal failure, which can develop as a result of a rapid damage to the kidneys, causes the kidneys to cease working for a short period of time before recovering completely or partially. Chronic renal failure is a gradual disorder in which the kidneys suffer irreversible damage over a long period of time. This problem may arise as a result of an infection, diabetes, hypertension, or hereditary defects.

Renal Failure Symptoms

Majority of people find themselves weak, lethargic, and easily exhausted. Their hunger is reduced, and their tongue feels a strange flavour. However, there are also additional frequent indications of renal failures, such as:

  • Itching
  • Decreased urine production
  • Nausea, vomiting, discoloration, and easy bruising
  • Impaired sexual function
  • Swelling of ankles, face, and body
  • Breathlessness
  • Chest discomfort
  • Cramps and twisting

When your kidneys stop working correctly, therapies like haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis can filter waste materials from your body. However, dialysis does not accomplish many other critical roles of the kidney, such as boosting red blood cell production. Under such circumstances, Kidney Transplant is advised.

Donor information:

Close blood related, such as a brother, sister, parent, or kid, might be an appropriate donor. Second-degree relatives, such as grandparents, cousins, nieces, in-laws, and so on, are also able to donate. The potential donor must also be an adult (above the age of 18 and under the age of 70) and in good health. This category also includes a spouse. In certain situations, the donor can be a total stranger whose kidney matches. However, if there are no surviving relatives to give to, a deceased (cadaver/brain dead instances) donor registration can be completed with the hospital.

Most kidney donors are released within three days of giving their organs. Laparoscopic surgery is used to remove the donor's kidney.

Details for the recipient/patient

After surgery, most patients are released in 6-7 days. Urine production and flow begin soon following surgery. Rarely, kidney function may not improve, and the patient may require dialysis. A transplanted kidney may fail and stop working in one out of every 1000 patients.

Who is eligible for a kidney transplant?

Any individual whose kidneys have failed can have a kidney transplant, regardless of age (children and adults up to the age of 75), assuming they are in good enough condition. Cancer and infection should not be present in the patient. Both the patient and the donor are subjected to a battery of tests prior to the surgery to assess their fitness and psychosocial status to ensure they are suitable candidates for transplant.

After-Kidney-Transplant Life

At the time of discharge, your nephrologist and transplant surgeon will advise the patient, donor, and family on medication adherence and frequent follow-up. If the patient heals well, he or she can usually return to work within 8 to 12 weeks. It is always preferable and encouraged to consult with your treating transplant team because it is also dependent on the sort of employment profile.

The most crucial element for a good kidney transplant result is a disciplined lifestyle and stent removal after two weeks after discharge.

  • Medication should not be overlooked.
  • Obtain routine investigations
  • To obtain drug levels of (immunosuppressive) drugs as prescribed
  • Eat healthily and avoid being in a polluted atmosphere.
  • At home, keep track of your blood sugar, blood pressure, and urine output.
  • If you have any problems such as a drop in blood pressure, fever, cough, trouble breathing, or discomfort, please call your doctor as soon as possible

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